The Bible is a collection of a wide variety of literature which was written over a very long period of history (hundreds of years). The primary unifying qualities of the Bible are that it all has to do with the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and that over the course of time these books came to be thought of as revelatory literature by the broad community of faith. That is to say, the Bible is about God and it was “chosen” (not in the sense of one time conscious decision, but in the sense of a long and organic progression) by the Church. The consequence of this is that the Bible has many witnesses that often stand in deep tension with one another. There is tension between the prophets and the Torah, between the prophets and the lament literature, between the Apocalyptic literature and the Gospels, and between the letters of Paul and the catholic letters. There is tension all over. The Bible does not have one, single, easily summarized, unitary message. It is not an instruction book. Your Bible is not a bible.
I have heard it said that all biblical passages fall into two categories. They are all either 1) promises, or 2) instructions. Wrong. Are there promises in the Bible? Sure. Are there instructions in the Bible? Sure. But there is a whole lot more as well. There is poetry that describes pain. There are narratives that tell tales of conflict and confusion, and of triumph and joy. There are longing love letters. There are instances of purest hate. In the Bible you will find a wide variety of literary genres, a wide variety of themes, a wide variety of people, a wide variety of really almost everything. That shouldn’t be scary, but for some reason this scares evangelicals. It scares us so much that we aren’t allowed to critique the Bible, we aren’t allowed to ask it difficult questions. We accept it all dogmatically because we think it’s all dogmatic, but it isn’t. There is room to question and challenge the Bible. Do you know how I know this? Because the Bible questions and challenges itself. Ezekiel questions the Torah. Lamentations questions Deuteronomy and the great deuteronomistic history. Jesus questions the Law, even as he says that he does not set aside even one jot of it.
The great power and theological depth of the Scripture is found within these points of tension, and again within the tension between our lives today and the various parts of this ancient collection of books. The Bible is like a stringed instrument in this respect. It only works because of great tension. Stop trying to take the tension out of the Bible. If you take away the tension, smoothing over and dumbing down and making everyingthing instructions and promises, all you get is a poorly tuned instrument and really bad music.